Different types of hockey and their rules (Part 1)

Different types of hockey and their rules (Part 1)

Hockey is a type of sport in which two teams compete against each other by trying to control a ball or a hard and round disk, called a hockey ball, into a net or frame of the other team, using a hockey stick.

The most popular hockey in a particular area is often simply called hockey, other types of hockey are more fully and clearly called (for example, if in a particular area, ice hockey is popular, sometimes people just call it hockey or ice hockey, while hockey on grass will be fully called to distinguish it).


Hockey dates back to 1272 BC in Ireland, while a sculpture from 600 BC in ancient Greece, where the game is called kerētízein or kerhtízein (κερητίζειν) because it uses horns or sticks shaped like a figure horns to play (kéras, κέρας). [1] In Inner Mongolia, the Daurs have been playing beikou, a game similar to grass hockey for more than 1,000 years. [2]

Evidence of medieval hockey-like games is found in legal documents related to sports and games. The Galway law, adopted in Ireland in 1527, banned all types of ball games, including “stick-hook” sticks. [3]

Until the 19th century, the types and divisions of different games began to separate and integrate into sports as they are today. Organizations were created for the purpose of legislating rules and regulations, while international and national associations were created to organize competitions.

Ice hockey was also born during this time as a game derived from grass hockey to adapt to the freezing weather in Canada and the northern United States.


People play bandy with a ball on an ice rink, often outside the size of a football field (bandy court), with many of the same rules as football. Bandy is a professional sport in Russia and Sweden and is considered a national sport in Russia. This sport is accredited by the IOC; The governing body is the International Bandy Federation (FIB).